General Knowledge India Indian Affairs International Affairs

Hunter Commission- Indian Education Commission 1882

Hunter Commission:

Hunter Education Commission was founded in 1882 by Lord Ripon (1880-1884 AD) during the British rule. The government appointed the commission under the chairmanship of William Wilson Hunter to review the progress made in the field of education by Charles Wood’s Declaration. There were eight Indian members in this commission. ‘Hunter Education Commission’ was restricted to the review of primary education and secondary education.
The Government desired that “the commission should especially bear in mind the great importance which the Government attaches to the subject of primary education”. In spite of the fact that the advancement of essential training was one of the principal objects considered by the Despatch, 1854, yet owing to the variety of circumstances expected result could not be achieved in the field of primary education.

Hunter Commission of 1882 on Primary Education :

  • Primary education should be regarded as the education of the masses.
  • Education should be able to train the people for self-dependence.
  • The medium of Instruction in primary education should e the mother tongue.
  • Normal Schools should be established for the training of teachers.
  • The curriculum should include useful subjects like agriculture, elements of natural and physical science and the native method of arithmetic and measurement etc.
  • The spread of primary education for the tribal and backward people should be the responsibility of the Government.
  • Fees should be an example to students on the basis of their financial difficulties.

     Commission suggestions:

    1- There should be two types of education arrangements at high school level, in which emphasis should be given on giving a vocational and business education and other such literary education should be given, which will help in admission to the university.
    2- Arrangement for emphasis on the importance of education at primary level and education in local language and useful subjects.
    Private efforts should be welcomed in the field of education, but primary education should be given without him.
    3- Control of education at the primary level should be handed over to the district and city boards.


    Q1. Which year established of Hunter Education Commission?

Ans- 1882.

Q2. Who was Hunter Education Commission established?

Ans- Lord Ripon.

Q3- The medium of instruction at primary stage should be_________.

Ans- Mother Tongue.

Q4.Hunter Education Commission’ was restricted to the review of____.

Ans- primary education and secondary education.

Q5. Hunter Commission is officially known as-

Ans- the Indian Education Commission.

General Knowledge India Indian Affairs International Affairs

Ashgabat agreement- Multimodal transport agreement

Ashgabat agreement:

  • The Union Cabinet has given its endorsement for India to acquiesce to the Ashgabat Agreement, a global transport, and travel corridor.
  • The Ashgabat understanding is a Multimodal transport assertion between Oman, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Pakistan for making a global transport and travel hallway encouraging transportation of merchandise between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf.
  • The Ashgabat, Agreement has Oman, Iran, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan as establishing individuals. Kazakhstan has likewise joined this course of action thusly.
  • Increase to the Agreement would empower India to use this current transport and travel hallway to encourage exchange and business cooperation with the Eurasian district.
  • In October 2016, Pakistan had formally joined the Ashgabat Agreement notwithstanding the Lapis Lazuli corridor, in a joint question and answer session with the Turkmenistan and Afghanistan President.
  • Pakistan asserted that “Local network and financial reconciliation are key mainstays of Pakistan’s remote approach”


Q1. Which year transit agreement established?
Ans- 2011.

Q2. It is an agreement between many countries on establishing-
Ans- Oman, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Pakistan.

Q3. Which year had Qatar withdrawn from the agreement?
Ans- 2013.

Q4. The agreement facilitates transportation of goods between_____.
Ans- Central Asia and the Persian Gulf.

Q5. What is the full form of INSTC?
Ans- International North-South Transport Corridor. 

country wise Gk International Affairs World

Germany- General knowledge and current affairs Gk- 2017

Here are the Germany- General knowledge and current affairs Gk- 2017

Q1. The Federal Republic of Germany____.
Ans- Bundesrepublik Deutschland.

Q2. Q2. The motto of the country:
Ans- Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit.

Q3. Anthem of the country:
Ans- Deutschlandlied.

Q4. Germany is the most populous member state of the____.
Ans- European Union.

Q5. The capital of Germany.
Ans- Berlin.

Q6. The largest city in the country?
Ans- Berlin.

Q7. Official language and national language.
Ans- German.

Q8. Demonym ___.
And- German.

Q9. President of the country.
Ans- Frank-Walter Steinmeier.

Q10. Chancellor of the country.
Ans- Angela Merkel.

Current Affairs International Affairs

International Current Affairs July-2016

Donald Trump’s tradition to highlight less fabulousness, all the more family:


Donald Trump once guaranteed a “showbiz” tradition, stuffed with blaze, big names and a “victor’s night” highlighting sports stars and champion mentors.

Rather, the Republican National Convention commencing Monday is turning out to be a staid family-centered undertaking, with a lineup that components regular Americans, effective businessmen and four of his five youngsters.

“The arrangement for the Trump crusade for this tradition is to help the American individuals see more about Donald Trump the man, not only the hopeful that they’ve seen on the battle field,” his crusade administrator, Paul Manafort, told correspondents assembled in Cleveland in front of the tradition’s commencement.

Rather than highlighting “a cluster of Washington legislators,” Manafort said the objective was to concentrate on conventional individuals affected by the present president’s strategies, alongside companions, representatives and others who’ve worked with Trump throughout the years who can discuss his “business intuition and his own life, his capacity to tackle issues. ”

“I think the noteworthy way of the tradition will be the effect that relatives have in discussing the applicant since we feel that the individual story of Donald Trump is something that should be told and it’ll be told from their eyes best,” he said.

The last talking plan, discharged Sunday evening by the Republican Party, offers an overwhelming dosage of Republican insiders. Previous presidential hopefuls Ted Cruz, Chris Christie, Scott Walker and Marco Rubio (by video) are on the rundown, similar to a modest bunch of individuals from Congress. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and House Speaker Paul Ryan will likewise talk.

Concerning star control, the offerings are out of the blue faint. There’s Willie Robertson from “Duck Dynasty,” alongside performing artist Scott Baio, star of “Charles In Charge,” “Joanie Loves Chachi” and “Upbeat Days.” Soap musical dramas get their gestures as on-screen character and previous Calvin Klein clothing model Antonio Sabato Jr. what’s more, Kimberlin Brown, a California avocado rancher best known for her parts on “The Bold and the Beautiful” and “The Young and the Restless.”

Trump’s battle has been striking for showcasing his business wanders, including inns and golf clubs. That example will proceed at the tradition with the incorporation of speakers like Kerry Woolard, the general director of Trump Winery in Virginia.

The project is intended to present Trump’s motivation, while standing out it from the methodologies of Democratic adversary Hillary Clinton and President Barack Obama.

Monday’s project, for case, will concentrate on security and the dangers postured by illicit movement, with addresses from Pat Smith, the mother of Sean Smith, who was killed in the assault in Benghazi, Libya. US Marine veterans Mark Geist and John Tiegen, who battled that night,, are planned, as well. Jamiel Shaw, whose child was executed by a man living in the US illicitly, will likewise talk.

Speaking Monday too will be Trump’s better half, Melania, an uncommon nearness on the battle field, and his grown-up youngsters, Ivanka, Don Jr., Eric and the lesser-known Tiffany. Trump’s bad habit presidential pick, Indiana Gov. Mike Pence, will speak Wednesday. Trump will convey his discourse tolerating the selection on Thursday.

The previous spring, Trump over and again impacted the 2012 GOP tradition as “the absolute most exhausting” he’d ever seen.

“The idea of some amusement from an incredible vocalist, an awesome gathering I think would be something perhaps to split things up,” Trump told The Associated Press in May. “You’ll be listening to a lot of political talks. Furthermore, before long, you’ll say, `Maybe I need to hear something else.”‘

At his encourages, Trump frequently discussed a “victors’ night” including “a portion of the considerable games individuals I know.” He even said he’d be interested in an arrival execution by the on-screen character Clint Eastwood, whose monolog remaining beside a vacant seat at the 2012 tradition was broadly panned.

Manafort demanded that the tradition would be generally as eccentric as the one Trump has since quite a while ago imagined.

“He said it would be an alternate sort of tradition and it will be an alternate sort of tradition,” Manafort said.

UNESCO announces 9 new World Heritage Sites:
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the UN social office included nine new destinations its World Heritage List. Choice in such manner was taken at the 40th session of The World Heritage Committee meeting in Istanbul, Turkey. With these incorporations, the recorded locales on the World Heritage now remain at 981 which incorporate both social and characteristic marvels.

9 new World Heritage Sites are:

Old city of Ani (Turkey):
It is Turkish region of Kars. When it had served as the capital of the Armenian kingdom in the tenth century.

Zuojiang Huashan rock workmanship social scene (China):
Goes back to the fifth century BC. The scene straddles steep precipices in southwest China and speak to the main follow left of the Luoyue individuals.They are old reservoir conduits caught into alluvial aquifer and transported water underground crosswise over inconceivable valleys. It helps in supporting horticultural life and settlements in the dry ranges.

Nalanda Mahavihara (India):
It is an archeological site having stays of a devout and academic foundation dating from the third century BC to the thirteenth century AD.

Fake islets of Nan Madol (Micronesia):
They are 99 fake islets made of basalt and coral rocks. They are home to ruins extending from sanctuary to tombs dating somewhere around 1200 and 1500 AD. Stecci Sites: Located in Bosnia, focal and western Montenegro, southern Croatia and western Serbia.They are medieval headstones and burial grounds cut from limestone, they highlight ornamental thought processes and engravings.

Old Philippi (Spain):
It is Greek archeological site established in 356 BC by the Macedonian King Philip II. It is situated in the present-day area of eastern Macedonia and Thrace.

Antequera Dolmens (Spain):
It is involves three megalithic landmarks and two characteristic hilly developments.

Gorham’s Cave Complex (Britain):
They are regular ocean collapses the British abroad domain of Gibraltar. The site gives proof of Neanderthal occupation over a range of over 125,000 years.

About UNESCO World Heritage List:

The UNESCO World Heritage Site list incorporates locales of unique social or physical essentialness.

The rundown is kept up by the global World Heritage Program directed by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee.

The panel contains 21 UNESCO part states which are chosen by the General Assembly. Every World Heritage Site incorporated into the rundown remains part of the lawful domain of the state where it is found.

In any case, incorporation of locales in the rundown by UNESCO is in light of a legitimate concern for the global group to protect every site.

In a matter of seconds, Italy with 50 destinations is home to the best number of World Heritage Sites.

Current Affairs International Affairs

England sets off Queen Elizabeth’s legitimate 90th birthday festivities


England sets off Queen Elizabeth’s legitimate 90th birthday festivities:

England’s Queen dependably has two birthdays as a feature of a convention going back almost 250 years to attempt to guarantee great, sunny climate for the ruler’s legitimate festivals.

England commenced three days of festivities on Friday to check Queen Elizabeth II’s legitimate 90th birthday with a national thanksgiving administration where tributes were paid for her “steadfast commitment” to the nation.

The administration held at the notable St. Paul’s Cathedral in London was gone to by around 50 imperial relatives, including the Queen’s better half Duke of Edinburgh, who praised his 95th birthday on Friday.

English Prime Minister David Cameron gave a perusing from the Bible and the Dean of St. Paul’s David Ison expressed gratitude toward the Queen for her “devoted responsibility, adoring initiative, delicate consistency”.

Current Affairs International Affairs

International Current Affairs June-2016


Ruler Elizabeth, in intense green at 90th birthday parade, causes sensation

England’s Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace, in London, Saturday, June 11, 2016. Several fighters in stately dress have walked in London in the yearly Trooping the Color parade to stamp the official birthday of Queen Elizabeth II.

Ruler Elizabeth II denoted her authority 90th birthday on Sunday by taking the salute at an exceptional military parade in London where her clear green outfit drummed up a buzz. In the wake of Trooping the Color, individuals from the regal family showed up on the overhang of Buckingham Palace to watch a military flypast, including Prince William and Kate with their kids George and Charlotte.

Ruler George, who is about three, waved at the planes as they flew by, while one-year-old Princess Charlotte, who was conveyed by Kate, obstructed her ears. The parade included just about 1,500 formally dressed officers and their men and additionally more than 300 stallions. Be that as it may, it was the ruler’s uncommonly strong dress and cap blend in a green so splendid as to be verging on fluorescent which got the attention of numerous.

On Twitter, some contrasted it with the shade of Kermit the Frog from Jim Henson’s TV parody “The Muppet Show”. The ruler supports brilliant hues for open appearances so she can be effectively seen by group, however they are ordinarily in more quieted shades.

Current Affairs International Affairs

Latest International current affairs May-2016

At NRA, Trump hammers Clinton for “cutthroat” weapon limitations


Trump’s comments came at the National Rifle Association tradition. The firearm rights association embraced the possible Republican candidate in front of his comments, in spite of Trump’s past backing for measures like an ambush weapons boycott that the NRA overwhelmingly restricts.

Donald Trump on Friday pummeled Hillary Clinton as “coldblooded” for sponsorship limitations on weapon proprietorship that he said would leave Americans in high-wrongdoing ranges not able to ensure themselves. He likewise tested Clinton to take after his lead and discharge a rundown of potential Supreme Court chosen people.

Firearm free zones:
Trump’s comments came at the National Rifle Association tradition in Louisville, Kentucky. The firearm rights association embraced the hypothetical Republican chosen one in front of his comments, in spite of Trump’s past backing for measures like a strike weapons boycott that the NRA energetically contradicts.

The businessperson has taken a far less prohibitive position on weapons amid the Republican presidential essential. His call for closure “weapon free zones” the nation over was energetically invited by the NRA swarm.

Against Clinton discourse:
Trump focused his comments on Clinton, asserting she would try to “abrogate” the Second Amendment through the Supreme Court and discharge fierce hoodlums if chose president. He likewise called her “Inhumane Hillary” – another epithet from the marking master for the probable Democratic chosen one – for sponsorship limitations went for lessening firearm passings, saying her recommendations would rather leave reputable residents presented to lawbreakers.

“She’s putting the most powerless Americans in danger,” Trump said. He included that ladies specifically would be at danger, a gesture to what he’s said will be a security-centered speak to ladies in the general decision.

Trump heads into the fall battle with stunningly high objection appraisals with ladies. The especially sure Trump seemed to recognize that shortcoming, saying that while his survey numbers with men are solid, “I like ladies more than men.”

“Gone ahead ladies, go ahead,” he said.

Clinton’s battle called Trump’s firearm arrangements “radical and hazardous.” Senior strategy consultant Maya Harris said Clinton accepts “there are sound judgment steps we can take at the government level to keep weapons out of the hands of hoodlums while regarding the Second Amendment.”

Among the measures Clinton backings are extending historical verifications to deals at firearm appears and online buys, and restoring a restriction on ambush weapons.

Trump supported an attack weapons boycott, and in addition marginally more sitting tight periods for firearm buys, in a 2000 book. He’s since said such bans don’t work and has likewise called for making it less demanding for honest natives to convey weapons for self-security.

On Friday, he repeated his call for completion “firearm free zones” and touted the rundown of potential Supreme Court chosen people he discharged for this present week as an indication of his dedication to maintaining the Second Amendment.

“I’d like to assemble for Hillary Clinton to put a rundown additionally,” said Trump, anticipating her potential judges would be a “day and night” contrast with his. He additionally said he anticipates that the following president will choose somewhere around three and five judges to the high court.

NRA underpins Trump:

NRA pioneers were rankling in their judgment of Clinton, blaming her for undermining Americans’ opportunity and being driven by individual avarice. Amid one discourse, a NRA pioneer quickly played a video indicating Clinton woofing like pooch.

The association’s pioneers were less hearty in their underwriting of Trump, saying him by name just quickly and saying little in regards to his record on firearms. They seemed to recognize there might be some hesitance among their individuals to sponsorship the land investor.

Chris Cox, the NRA’s main lobbyist, said that for the individuals who favored different possibility to Trump, “It’s a great opportunity to get over it.”

Since the early essential states, Trump utilized his children, Eric and Donald Jr., both enthusiastic seekers and outdoorsmen, to associate with the weapon group and neutralize their dad’s picture as a tip top Manhattanite. The pair have gone to various firearm goes and gone on a few chasing trips, frequently welcoming the media along to archive their abilities.

He swung to his children again Friday as he opened his comments to NRA individuals, taking note of their long relationship with the gathering.

Trump loaned White House campaign $7.5 mln as he nears Republican nomination

Trump lent White House crusade $7.5 mln as he nears Republican selection

Donald Trump raised $1.7 million from contributors and lent his White House crusade $7.5 million in April as he drew nearer to turning into the Republican chosen one for president, as indicated by archives recorded with the U.S. Government Election Commission (FEC) on Friday.

Donald Trump raised $1.7 million from benefactors and advanced his White House battle $7.5 million in April as he drew nearer to turning into the Republican chosen one for president, as indicated by archives documented with the U.S. Government Election Commission (FEC) on Friday.

The New York specialist had advanced his battle an aggregate of $43.5 million as of the end of April, the filings appeared. All the more as of late, he has made moves to develop his raising money operation with an eye toward the Nov. 8 general decision.

1:- Trump turned into the Republican Party’s possible chosen one toward the beginning of May, when both of his adversaries dropped out of the race. Trump self-financed quite a bit of his essential run, however he has said he won’t depend as intensely all alone cash for the general race, when he will confront the Democratic candidate.

2:- Both individuals looking for the Democratic designation have raised more than Trump. Hillary Clinton, the gathering’s leader, acquired $26.4 million in April, including reserves from a joint raising money exertion with the Democratic Party.

3:- An outside Super PAC supporting her crusade raised $8.6 million. A Super PAC is a gathering pledges bunch that must work separate from political battles however can raise boundless entireties.

4:-US Senator Bernie Sanders, Clinton’s adversary for the Democratic designation, brought $26.9 million up in April. He has repudiated Super PACs. Trump has reprimanded them as well, however a long-term Republican agent in May went along with one Super PAC backing the land head honcho.

5:- In May, Trump employed financial specialist Steven Mnuchin as his national money administrator and entered a joint raising support manage the Republican National Committee that will permit benefactors to compose much greater checks.

6:- Friday’s FEC filings don’t mirror these moves, yet they demonstrate that Trump’s raising money plunged in April, after he realized in $3 million and advanced himself $11.5 million in March.

7:- He likewise spent less in April, $9.4 million contrasted and $13.8 million a month prior, when more states held naming contests.Trump burned through $2.6 million on publicizing in April, not as much as a large portion of the $6.3 million he spent in March.

8:- Trump burned through $2.6 million on publicizing in April, not as much as a large portion of the $6.3 million he spent in March. By examination, Sanders burned through $17.3 million and Clinton burned through $9.3 million on publicizing in April.

9:- Trump’s counseling and finance spending additionally dropped around 30 for each penny to an aggregate $1.7 million in April, even as he included experienced political staff. Toward the end of March, he procured veteran Republican strategist Paul Manafort.

10:- Trump finished April with $2.4 million close by, in the wake of beginning the month with $2.1 million good to go.

Current Affairs International Affairs

Latest current Affairs march 2016

India, Bangladesh marked 2 billion US dollar Line of Credit

India and Bangladesh on 9 March 2016 marked a 2 billion US dollar Line of Credit (LOC) to execute financial advancement ventures in Bangladesh and reinforce reciprocal relations. The LOC was reached out by Export-Import Bank of India (Exim Bank) in the interest of the Government of India.

The 2 billion US dollar LOC is the greatest credit line India has so far stretched out to any nation.

The LOC consent to this impact was marked in Dhaka, Bangladesh by Yaduvendra Mathur, Chairman and Managing Director, EXIM Bank, and Mohammad Mejbahuddin, Senior Secretary, Economic Relations Division, Ministry of Finance, in the interest of the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

The assention was inked in accordance with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s declaration amid his visit in Bangladesh in June 2015.

Key highlights of the LOC:

• The LOC of 2 billion US dollars is the biggest ever GOI-upheld LOC reached out by Exim Bank to any nation.

• With the marking of the LOC, EXIM Bank, till date, has stretched out two LOCs to Bangladesh, for the benefit of Government of India, taking the aggregate estimation of LOCs to 2.862 billion US dollars.

• India initially broadened a LOC of 1 billion US dollars to Bangladesh in 2010.

• Of this, 200 million US dollar was later changed over into stipend and the credit extension was upgraded from 800 million US dollar to 862 million US dollar in 2015 by method for a revision to the understanding.

• The Second Line of Credit will subsidize social and foundation improvement ventures in the force, railroads, street, transport, data and correspondence innovation, transportation, wellbeing and specialized training segments.

Ventures secured under the principal LOC of 862 million US dollars include:

• Procurement of transports, trains, traveler mentors and other moving stock, research center gear.

• Construction of second Bhairab and second Titas Bridge, Khulna-Mongla port rail line, third and fourth Dual Gage track between Dhaka-Tongi segment and multiplying of double gage track between Tongi-Joydebpur, restoration of the Kulaura-Shahbajpur area of Bangladesh Railway.

• Replacement and modernization of flagging arrangement of three stations in the middle of Ashuganj and Akhaura segment of Bangladesh Railway.